Thrombophlebitis throm-boe-fluh-BY-tis is an inflammatory process that causes a blood clot to form and block one or more veins, usually in your legs. The affected vein might be near the surface of your skin superficial thrombophlebitis or deep within a muscle deep vein thrombosis, or DVT. Causes include trauma, surgery or prolonged inactivity, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. DVT increases your risk of serious health problems. It's usually treated with blood-thinning medications.
Superficial thrombophlebitis is sometimes treated with Recovery Thrombophlebitis medications, too. When a vein close to the surface of your skin is affected, you might see a red, hard cord just under the surface of your skin that's tender to the touch. When a deep vein in the leg is affected, your leg may become swollen, tender and painful. See your doctor right away if you have a red, swollen or tender vein — especially if you have one or more risk factors for thrombophlebitis.
If you have leg swelling and pain and develop shortness of breath or chest pain that worsens when you breathe, go to an emergency room.
These might indicate that you have a dislodged blood clot traveling through your veins to your lungs pulmonary embolism. If you have one or more risk factors, discuss prevention strategies with your doctor before taking long flights or road trips or if you're planning to have elective Recovery Thrombophlebitis, recovery from which will require you not to move much. Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot gets lodged in an artery in the lung, blocking blood flow to part of the lung.
Blood clots most often originate in the legs and travel up through the right side of the heart and into the lungs. Complications from superficial thrombophlebitis Recovery Thrombophlebitis rare. However, if you develop DVT, the risk Behandlung von Krampfadern des Samenstranges in serious complications increases.
Sitting during a long flight or car ride can cause your ankles and calves to Recovery Thrombophlebitis and increases your risk of thrombophlebitis. To help prevent a Recovery Thrombophlebitis clot:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products, Recovery Thrombophlebitis.
Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Recovery Thrombophlebitis content does not have an English version. Blood clot in leg vein A blood clot in a leg vein may cause pain, warmth and tenderness in the affected area. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Pulmonary embolism Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot gets lodged in an artery in the lung, Recovery Thrombophlebitis, blocking blood flow to part of the lung.
References Nasr H, Recovery Thrombophlebitis, et al. Superficial thrombophlebitis superficial venous thrombosis. Scovell S, et al. Phlebitis and thrombosis of the superficial lower extremity veins. Accessed July 11, Approach to the diagnosis and therapy of a lower extremity deep vein thrombosis.
Di Nisio M, et al. Treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis of the leg review. Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Alguire PC, et al. What is it used for? Mayo Clinic Store Check out Recovery Thrombophlebitis best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters Recovery Thrombophlebitis Mayo Clinic, Recovery Thrombophlebitis.
Superficial Thrombophlebitis: Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
Superficial thrombophlebitis is inflammation of a vein just under the skin, usually in the leg. A small blood Recovery Thrombophlebitis also commonly Recovery Thrombophlebitis in the vein, Recovery Thrombophlebitis, but is usually not serious.
The condition usually settles and goes within weeks. Treatments can ease pain or discomfort. Superficial thrombophlebitis is different to, and much Recovery Thrombophlebitis serious than, deep vein thrombosis DVT. However, in a small number of cases, complications can occur with superficial thrombophlebitis, including Recovery Thrombophlebitis of the blood clot further up the vein. If the clot extends to where the superficial and deep, larger veins join, a DVT can develop.
A vein is a blood vessel that takes blood towards the heart. If a vein becomes inflamed, a blood clot commonly forms inside the inflamed portion. So, the term thrombophlebitis is used to mean an inflamed vein, with or without a small blood clot inside the vein. Thrombophlebitis is commonly just called phlebitis. The superficial veins are the ones that you can often see or feel just under the skin.
Most bouts of superficial thrombophlebitis occur in a leg vein. However, any superficial vein can be affected. A typical site is in a varicose vein in a leg. Varicose veins are common, particularly in pregnant women. Superficial thrombophlebitis is not usually serious but complications can sometimes occur see below, Recovery Thrombophlebitis.
The deep veins are larger, pass through the muscles in your arms and legs and you cannot see or feel them. Some people get confused between superficial thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis DVT. They are quite different. A DVT is more serious. See separate leaflet called Deep Vein Thrombosis for more detail. Many cases occur for no apparent reason. A slight injury to the vein may trigger the inflammation in some cases.
There are a number of risk factors that make it more likely for inflammation to develop in a vein:. Swelling, redness and tenderness along a part of the vein are the usual symptoms. You may develop a high temperature fever. If a blood clot develops inside the inflamed part of the vein, the vein may then Recovery Thrombophlebitis hard or knobbly.
The blood clot is usually of little concern, as it is small, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. There are other veins which carry the blood and bypass the blocked vein. When the inflammation settles, a persistent darker area of skin hyperpigmentation may remain over the affected vein.
A small firm lump may also persist below the skin. This may be tender to the touch for some time. Your doctor is usually able to diagnose superficial thrombophlebitis by talking to you and examining the affected area, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. Investigations are not usually needed, especially if you have one of the risk factors for superficial thrombophlebitis see above. However, if your doctor is concerned that you may have a DVT see belowthey may advise that you have some tests to exclude this.
This usually means a special ultrasound scan of the affected area to look for any clots in the deep veins, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. If you have recurrent bouts of thrombophlebitis, especially if you have no real risk factors for es ist möglich, Krampf thrombophlebitis, your doctor may suggest some tests to check that you do not have any problems with the clotting of your blood.
They may also suggest other tests to look for more rare causes of recurrent superficial thrombophlebitis see below. Most bouts of superficial thrombophlebitis last for weeks. If they are associated with varicose veins, they are likely to return recur. No treatment may be needed if the symptoms are mild. One or more of the following treatments may be advised, depending on your symptoms and the severity of the Recovery Thrombophlebitis. If your doctor feels that you may Recovery Thrombophlebitis a DVT or be at high risk of developing one, they may suggest that you are referred either to the hospital or to a special DVT clinic.
This will enable Recovery Thrombophlebitis to have any investigations or treatment necessary see above. Sometimes, prophylactic just in case treatment may be given to people who have superficial thrombophlebitis and may be at high risk of developing a DVT.
This involves injection of a medicine to thin the blood. The inflammation and pain usually settle within a few weeks, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. Most people make a full recovery. The possible complications listed below are uncommon, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. They are listed, Recovery Thrombophlebitis, however, to give guidance on what to look out for. See a doctor as soon as possible if you suspect that a complication is developing. Sometimes the affected vein becomes infected.
The pain may then become worse and the redness spreads. You are likely to feel generally unwell. Infection is more common in someone who has had a drip inserted for a long period, in people who abuse 'street drugs' or in people with a weakened immune system.
Antibiotics are Recovery Thrombophlebitis to treat the infection. If the infection is severe, Recovery Thrombophlebitis, you may need to be admitted to hospital for antibiotics given directly into a vein. Rarely, Recovery Thrombophlebitis, infection in a vein becomes severe and may spread to other areas of the body. In some cases, Stocking von Krampfadern an den Beinen blood clot can extend further up the vein.
If the clot extends Recovery Thrombophlebitis where the superficial and deep veins join, a DVT can develop. This is more likely if the superficial thrombophlebitis is in the upper thigh or the groin, near to where the superficial veins and the deep veins Recovery Thrombophlebitis the leg meet.
There is a similar meeting point of superficial and deep veins at the crease behind the knee. It is also more likely to occur:. When a DVT leads to thrombophlebitis, there is an increased risk of Recovery Thrombophlebitis further DVTs and possibly clots on the lung pulmonary embolism. It is common for people with varicose veins to have repeated Recovery Thrombophlebitis bouts of superficial thrombophlebitis.
However, for a small number of people this may be the first sign of a more serious condition. For example, cancer or a rare condition called polyarteritis nodosa in which there is patchy inflammation of the walls of the arteries. This is more likely if the bouts occur at different sites, or in different veins in someone without varicose veins, Recovery Thrombophlebitis.
Tests may be advised if there is no obvious explanation for recurring bouts of superficial thrombophlebitis. Did you find this information useful? Cochrane Database Syst Rev. I had gotten sick beginning of marchstarted with shortness of breath, then slowly started progressing, mind you at this time i was smoking meth never injected My symptoms from march up This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions.
In this article arrow-down What is thrombophlebitis? Superficial Thrombophlebitis In Recovery Thrombophlebitis article What is thrombophlebitis? What is superficial thrombophlebitis? What causes superficial thrombophlebitis? What are the symptoms of superficial thrombophlebitis? Do I need any investigations? What is the treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis?
Are there any complications from Recovery Thrombophlebitis thrombophlebitis? Phlebitis means inflammation of a vein, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. Thrombo sis means a blood clot in a vein, Recovery Thrombophlebitis. Why not subcribe to the newsletter? We would love to hear your feedback! Subscribe to our newsletter.
Further reading and references. Join the discussion on the forums. Health Tools Feeling unwell? Assess your symptoms online with our free symptom checker.
DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) Prevention Exercises - Ask Doctor Jo